- Industrial revolution
- Commerce and agriculture were the most important sectors of the Dutch economy until late in the 19th century. The unification in 1815 of the northern and southern parts of the Netherlands (the Republic and Belgium) promised a good start for a more diversified economy. The industrial policy of King William I tried to stimulate Walloon mining and steel pro duction. The Belgian Revolt and the declaration of independence (1830–1831) therefore brought a serious setback for the develop ment of industry in the North. Only in the 1870s, or even in the 1890s, was a takeoff apparent in capitalistic industrial production, with the accompanying phenomena of children’s and women’s la bor, low wages, poverty, and the miserable housing conditions of the workers. However, social policy was fairly quickly enacted to counter these obvious disadvantages of the new development.See also Manufacturing.
Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. EdwART. 2012.
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